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Electronic Hardware
The Current Status
  • The total global spend on hardware has grown from US$ 424 billion in 2004-05 to US$ 457 billion in 2005-06, registering a growth rate of 5.9 per cent. The Indian hardware revenues have grown from US$ 5.2 billion in 2004-05 to US$ 6.5 billion in 2005-06, registering a growth rate of about 20 per cent. NASSCOM estimates the revenues from this segment at US$ 7.6 billion in 2006-07. The domestic hardware spends in India accounted for 49 per cent of total domestic IT-BPO spends in 2005-06. NASSCOM estimates the hardware spends to increase from US$ 7.4 billion in 2005-06 to US$ 13.8 billion by 2009-10. Personal computers, notebooks and servers constituted bulk of the hardware spends with impressive volume growth in the segment.
  • The domestic market for electronic products in India, which touched $28.2 billion in 2005, though relatively small on the global scale, is on a roll and has become the fastest growing market in the world today, and is slated to grow at a CAGR of 29.8% to reach $126.7 billion in 2010 and to $363 billion by 2015, according to recently concluded country study by ISA-Frost & Sullivan. Correspondingly, the semiconductor consumption in the country is expected to grow to $36.3 billion by 2015 from about $2.82 billion in 2005.

    Products2006-072007-082008-092009-102010-112011-12Remarks
    CTV 11.75 13.00 14.5 16.00 18.00 20.00 Rs in Crores
    STB 1.00 2.50 4.00 5.50 7.50 10.00
    DVD Players 5.00 6.50 7.50 8.25 9.00 9.50
    Home Theatre 0.35 0.42 0.50 0.60 0.70 0.85
    PA System 300 345 400 460 525 600
    Watches 31.5 33.0 34.5 36.0 38.0 40.0
    Microwave Ovens 0.475 0.60 0.75 0.90 1.10 
    Total 21,000 24,000 27,500 31,500 36,000 In Rs. Crores
    Nos. in Million Units
  • India has become one of the largest manufacturers of Mobile handsets, CTVs, DVD players, watches & clocks, computers, etc.




Semiconductors:
  • The main sectors driving semiconductor sales in India are telecom, automotive, industrial electronics and consumer electronics. The solar energy, renewable energy, automated healthcare services sectors too are beginning to boost demand and growth for semiconductor products.
  • The wireless handset market-one of the biggest consumers of semiconductor chips-is witnessing growth. The automotive sector too is showing an increased use of chips into the vehicles.
  • Semiconductor companies are getting ready for new opportunities of growth. WiMax, 3G, DTH, medical electronics, photovoltaic and nanotechnology are some of the areas likely to witness scaling up in coming years.
  • Currently, the opportunity for the semiconductor industry's investment in urbanising India stands at around US$ 500 billion.
  • The India Semiconductor Market Update for 2008-10 by India Semiconductor Association (ISA) and Frost & Sullivan reveals that the total market (TM) for semiconductor revenues is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 13.4 per cent to US$ 7.59 billion in 2010 from US$ 5.9 billion in 2008. The Total Market Available (TAM) for semiconductor revenue is expected to grow at a compound annual growth rate of 13.1 per cent during the period.
  • Information technology and office automation, wireless handsets and communications along with consumer electronic appliances are the top contributors to the total market revenue. According to Frost & Sullivan analysts, the semiconductor market growth is expected to be driven by products and services such as set-top boxes, wireless handsets, the 3G rollout, deployment of WiMAX, notebooks and smart cards. Opportunities exist for semiconductors in LCD TV, digital camera and storage flash memory markets.
  • India is likely to emerge as the world's fastest growing semiconductor market, with a CAGR of 19.2 per cent between 2007 and 2012. This was revealed by Phillip Koh, Gartner's research VP for semiconductors in the Asia-Pacific region. By 2012, India will account for 5 per cent of the Asia-Pacific region's semiconductor revenues, up from 3 per cent in 2007.
  • Setting up of Unique Identification Authority of India (UIDAI) and investments in SMART infrastructure offer major opportunities for the semiconductor industry to introduce new solutions and generate entrepreneurs, according to market analysts.
  • Currently, India has around 60 companies assembling and supplying solar photovoltaic systems, nine companies manufacturing solar cells and 19 companies manufacturing photovoltaic modules or panels, according to an Indian Semiconductor Association study.
Tamil Nadu - Current Status:
  • Today, Chennai has emerged as the largest Electronic Hardware manufacturing and exporting hub in India. Some of the Fortune 500 companies which have set up manufacturing facilities in Chennai neighbourhood include: Nokia, Motorola, DELL Computers, Samsung, Foxconn, Sanmina-SCI, Flextronics, and Nokia-Siemens besides more than 30 components suppliers.
  • The total Investment in Electronics hardware industry in Tamil Nadu is estimated to be about Rs.11500 to 12000 Crores employing about 40000 workers. Nokia signed a MoU in April 2005 for establishing one plant for manufacture mobile hand-sets with an investment of Rs.675 Crores. Encouraged by the support of the present Government, the company went ahead to establish two more plants in 2007-09. The total investment made by Nokia is about Rs.1350 Crores. Today, Nokia plant in Chennai has become World's largest mobile hand-sets manufacturing facility.
  • Chennai is also emerging as a center for manufacture of Photo-voltaic (PV) cells with an investment of about Rs.4000 Crores. Moser Baer is currently establishing a PV cells plant at Oragadam Electronic Hardware SEZ with an investment of Rs.2000 Crores while Signet Solar, USA has proposed to establish a similar plant with an investment of Rs.2000 Crores in Sriperumpudur Electronic Hardware SEZ. Tamil Nadu has at present 8 Notified Electronic Hardware SEZs with a total area of about 1200 acres.
  • Following are some of the major Electronic hardware manufacturers in Tamil Nadu:

    Major Electronic Hardware Industrial Projects in Tamil Nadu
    S.No Name of the company Location Product Investment
    Rs. in Crores
    1 Nokia India Pvt Ltd Sriperumpudur Nokia Telecom SEZ (210 acres) Mobile handsets 900 Crores in 3 plants
    2 Foxconn India Pvt Ltd Sriperumpudur Hi Tech SEZ – 2 plants
    Nokia SEZ – 1 plant
    Electronic hardware & mobile phone components 850 Crores in 3 plants
    3 Flextronics Sriperumpudur Hi Tech SEZ Electronic hardware & mobile phone components 450
    4 Samsung Sriperumpudur Hi Tech SEZ Electronic Consumer Durables 450
    5 Motorola Sriperumpudur Hi Tech SEZ Mobile handsets 135
    6 DELL Computers Sriperumpudur Hi Tech SEZ Computers & 280
    7 Sanmina Oragadam Hi Tech SEZ Electronic Hardware 225
    8 Moser Baer Oragadam Hi Tech SEZ PV panels 2000
    9 Signet Solar   PV panels 2000
    10 TAPP Semi Conductor Sriperumpudur Hi Tech SEZ Semi Conductor Testing & Packaging 1000
    11 Nokia Siemens Networks Oragadam Hi Tech SEZ near Chennai Mobile handsets & communication networks 300
    12 BYD, China Oragadam Hi Tech SEZ & Irungattukottai
    (2 plants)
    Components of mobile handsets 350
    13 Salcomp, Finland Nokia Telecom SEZ Mobile handsets components 120
    14 Perlos, Finland Nokia Telecom SEZ Mobile handsets components 124
    15 Wintek, Taiwan Nokia Telecom SEZ Mobile handsets components 161
    16 Jabil, USA Nokia Telecom SEZ Mobile handsets components 310
    17 Laird Technologies, USA Nokia Telecom SEZ Mobile handsets components 101
    18 Polymatech Japan Oragadam Hi Tech SEZ near Chennai Key pads for Mobile handsets 82
    19 Shinetsu, Japan Oragadam Hi Tech SEZ near Chennai Key pads for Mobile handsets 47
    20 TVS Electronics Oragadam Hi Tech SEz Computer peripherals 100
    21 Dixon Technologies Oragadam near Chennai Colour TV 37
    22 Natronics Semiconductor Sriperumpudur Hi-Tech SEZ Semiconductor Packaging 65
    Total 10087
  • Including other direct and indirect vendors supplying components, the Total Investment in Electronics hardware industry in Tamil Nadu is estimated to be about Rs.11500 to 12000 Crores. The estimated current turnover of Electronic Hardware industry is about Rs. 27000 Crores.
The Market
  • PC Penetration: According to a report of the Internet and Mobile Association of India (IAMAI) rural India has 3.3 million active internet users. Since rural India was mapped for the first time, the year-on-year growth of internet users in rural India could not be estimated.

    According to research firm Gartner, India's personal computer (PC) market is likely to grow by 13.7 per cent to 12.0 million units in 2009-10, aided by a surge in demand for laptops. The laptop market is expected to grow by 37 per cent in 2009 to 3.69 million units and constitute a third of the total PC market.

    Projection of Market for Computers up to 2012

    Current Trajectory Extrapolated Trajectory with Govt. Intervention
    Year Units (in Million) Growth (%) PC penetration per 1,000 Units (in Million) Growth (%) PC penetration per 1,000
    2006-07 6.4 25 21.5 6.4 25 21.5
    2007-08 8.0 25 24.8 8.9 40 25.6
    2008-09 10 25 27.9 12.5 40 30.7
    2009-10 12 20 30.5 16.9 35 36.6
    2010-11 14.1 18 32.5 21.9 35 43
    2011-12 16.6 18 41.7 28.5 30 60
  • Export of Electronic Hardware: India has is found to be a very cost-effective Manufacturing hub for electronic Hardware. Cost of skilled technicians is at least 30% to 35% cheaper than even China. A study by Nokia found Total cost of Manufacturing in Chennai in India much cheaper than China by over 11% in NPV terms.
  • India is emerging as a major exporter of electronic hardware.

    ($ Billion)

    Export (Growth 25%) Demand for Components
    (40% of Total Electronics Production)
    2005 2.39 4.6
    2006 2.98 5.10
    2007 3.73 6.52
    2008 4.66 8.65
    2009 5.83 11.45
    2010 7.29 15.16
    2011 9.11 20.10
    2012 11.39 26.60

Indian Market for Electronic Components:
  • The components in production in India at present include TV picture tubes (Black & White and Color), monitor tubes, diodes and transistors, power devices, ICs, hybrid microcircuits, resistors, capacitors (plastic film, electrolytic, tantalum, ceramic), connectors, switches, relays, magnetic heads, DC micro motors and tape deck mechanism, PCBs, crystals, loudspeakers and hard and soft ferrites. However, at present, India imports about 55% to 60 % of its component requirements.
  • Estimated import requirement of electronic components is about US $ 26.60 billion by 2012. There is huge potential to produce and supply components to Indian market itself.
  • The contract-manufacturing opportunity in India: The global contract manufacturing market presently stands at US$ 149 billion and is expected to grow to US$ 500 billion by 2010. Indian contract manufacturers business is expected to grow phenomenally from a turnover of US$ 774 Million to US$ 2.63 Billion by 2009. It is estimated that the total potential for contract manufacturing in India is US$ 11 billion, or 2.2 per cent of the global market. India could potentially target a share of 1 per cent of the total contract manufacturing in North America, 2 per cent of Western Europe, 4 per cent of Asia and 5 per cent of the rest of the world .
Why Tamil Nadu?
  • Chennai has emerged as the largest Electronic Hardware manufacturing and exporting hub in India. Some of the Fortune 500 companies which have set up manufacturing facilities in Chennai neighborhood include: Nokia, Motorola, DELL Computers, Samsung, Foxconn, Sanmina-SCI, Flextronics, and Nokia-Siemens besides more than 30 components suppliers. Nokia plant in Chennai is the World's largest mobile hand sets manufacturing project. A study by Nokia found Total cost of Manufacturing in Chennai in India much cheaper than China by over 11% in NPV terms. Nokia in Chennai has become India's largest exporter of Electronic hardware. During 2008-09, Nokia exported Rs.10400 Crores to 78 countries.
  • Mother plants like Nokia, DELL, Motorola, Sanmina, Samsung, etc., import about 80% to 85% of their components. Since they operate on "Just-In-Time" principle, there is huge potential to manufacture and supply components locally.
  • Abundant availability of skilled manpower in Automobile Engineering - Largest turn-out of skilled manpower in India.
  • Reliable and quality infrastructure availability.
  • Excellent Air Port and Sea port Logistics: Tamil Nadu has 4 International air ports. Chennai International Airport has direct connectivity to USA, Europe, South East Asia, Gulf and Far East by more than 450 direct flights every week. Besides, Chennai airport gets 28 exclusive scheduled cargo flights every week. Also, Chennai is currently in the process of establishing another International Airport with air cargo complex in Sriperumpudur (Chennai neighbor hood). This new airport will be within 5 kms. Radius of the Electronic cluster. Also, Chennai has two modern ports in Chennai and another in Tuticorin, providing Gateway for exports and imports. Chennai container terminal is the most efficient in India. Chennai Port has two modern container terminals.
Government Support
  • Favourable IPR environment: Protection of Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) is a prime requisite for development of R&D and innovation in the electronics sector. The Government of India has developed a robust IP act to facilitate innovation. Several amendments to the Copyright Act, creation of a new Trademark Act, a new Designs Act and amendments to the Patents Act are some initiatives that reinforce India's continued effort to protect IPR. In the current WTO regime, India is a party to the Trade Related Aspects of the Intellectual Properties (TRIPS) Agreement and has accordingly amended most of its IPR Acts and Rules to conform to the said Agreement.
  • Semiconductor policy (SIPS): The Semiconductor policy announced by the Government of India (GoI) is attracting more investments into the sector. The Government has so far received 17 proposals worth US$ 32.78 billion under Special Incentive Package Scheme (SIPS), has given in-principle approval to 12 proposals.
  • Under SIPS, the GoI will provide incentive of 20 per cent capital expenditure during the first 10 years for the units in SEZs and 25 per cent of the capital expenditure in non-SEZ units. Any unit can claim incentives in the form of capital subsidy or equity participation. The GoI has also extended the STPI tax holiday for technology export firms from March 2010 to March 2011.
  • Attractive Package of Incentives depending on the size of Investment and employment as per Industrial Policy 2007. Investments exceeding Rs.250 Crores in Chennai Neighborhood (or Rs.150 Crores in other districts) within 3 years will qualify for a an attractive Structured Package of Support.
  • Land allotment in different Industrial parks and SEZs: SIPCOT has promoted 3 Electronic Hardware SEZs. Besides, the private sector have promoted 28 IT SEZs including Electronic Hardware.
  • Infrastructure support in the form of power, water, connecting roads, drainage, etc.
  • Single window facilitation through Guidance Bureau.
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