Chemical & Petro Chemical
The Current Status
- The global chemicals industry, estimated at US$ 2.4 trillion, is one of the fastest growing sectors of the manufacturing industry. The industry growth exceeds that of the manufacturing sector, despite the challenges of escalating.
- Crude oil prices and demanding international environmental protection standards which are now adopted globally. Pharmaceuticals and petrochemicals are the two biggest segments in chemicals that account for approximately 26 per cent and 35 per cent respectively of the overall industry size. Europe, is the largest consumer of chemicals in the world, accounting for approximately half the global chemical consumption, USA consumes approximately one-fifth.
- Chemical Industry is an important constituent of the Indian economy. Its size is estimated at around US$ 35 billion approx., which is equivalent to about 3% of India's GDP. The total investment in Indian Chemical Sector is approx. US$ 60 billion and total employment generated is about 1 million. The Indian Chemical sector accounts for 13-14% of total exports and 8-9% of total imports of the country. In terms of volume, it is 12th largest in the world and 3rd largest in Asia. Currently, per capita consumption of products of chemical industry in India is about 1/10th of the world average.
- The Indian chemical industry is the 12th largest in the world and 3rd largest in Asia, in terms of volume. It accounts for about 13 per cent of total exports and 8 per cent of the total imports of India. During the last 5 years, exports of chemicals have exceeded imports thereby resulting in a positive balance of trade.
- India's current per capita consumption of chemicals is just a tenth of the world's average, indicating the tremendous scope for industry's growth in India. The industry size is projected to more than double, to reach US$ 80 - 100 billion by 2010.
- Indian chemicals industry, which includes basic chemicals & its products, petrochemicals, fertilisers, paints, gases and pharmaceuticals, is one of the oldest industries in the country.
- The Indian chemical industry accounts for about 17.6 per cent of the output of India's manufacturing sector and about 3 per cent of the GDP. The industry output is estimated at US$ 35 billion, with a total investment of approximately US$ 60 billion.
- Industry structure and segmentation: The industry is highly fragmented, with close to 7000 firms developing multiple products at dispersed locations.
Concentration of the Chemical Industry Gujarat 53% Maharashtra 9% Uttar Pradesh 6% Tamil Nadu 6% Madhya Pradesh 5% Punjab 4% Others 17%
- Factors influencing Investment in chemical industry:
- Globalisation: The global manufacturing footprint of MNCs is getting transformed, as companies seek to gain proximity to consumer markets, raw material sources, cheaper energy sources and lower tax regime in an effort to drive down costs and safeguard profitability.
- Consolidation: Mergers and acquisitions are increasingly prevalent and companies seek economies of scale in manufacturing, logistics and R&D and to pave entry into new markets, expanding the global reach.
- Increased environment consciousness: This is a global phenomenon, that is driving the industry to innovate and modernise. Effluent disposal issues have resulted in research into cogeneration and upgradation of technology, having a healthy impact on costs and profitability.
- Industry Segmentation: The chemicals industry, is broadly classified into basic chemicals, specialty chemicals and knowledge chemicals. Basic chemicals have traditionally formed the bulk of the chemicals industry in India and still account for 57 per cent
of the output. The industry is now evolving and developing with higher investments in R&D. As a result, knowledge chemicals and specialty chemicals have grown and today occupy nearly 43 per cent of the industry.
Composition of Indian Chemical Industry Basic Chemicals 57% Speciality Chemicals 26% Knowledge Chemicals 17%
- Per capita consumption of chemicals in India is one of the lowest in the world. Currently, per capita consumption of most products of chemical industry in India is about 1/10th of the world average. With rising per capita income, the market potential is very attractive.
- Inorganic chemicals: The inorganic chemicals industry had an output of approximately 5.9 million tonnes in 2006-07. Of this, alkaline chemicals contributed 5.26 million tonnes, or nearly 90 per cent and basic inorganic chemicals contributed 0.6 million tonnes. Among alkaline chemicals, soda ash is the largest segment, contributing to 40 per cent of the output caustic soda has a 36 per cent share and liquid chlorine has 24 per cent. Basic inorganic chemicals have grown at a CAGR of 10 per cent, from 374,000 tonnes to 602,000 tonnes. As a result of faster growth, the share of basic inorganic chemicals has gone up, from 8 per cent to 10 per cent. Carbon black, is the biggest segment in basic inorganic chemicals, with a share of nearly 71 per cent of the output. Calcium carbide with 16 per cent and titanium dioxide with 10 per cent, are the other significant segments.
- Paints Industry: The Indian paint industry, is divided into two segments decorative and industrial. The market is highly fragmented, with 25 large and medium players and about 2,000 unorganized players. Asian Paints is the market leader in the industry, with a market share of 37 per cent, followed by Kansai Nerolac and Berger Paints, both accounting for 18 per cent and 15 per cent, respectively. The paint industry has shown a compounded annual rate of growth (CAGR) of 28 per cent over the past five years. The continued growth in the demand from the housing sector, backed by low home finance rates, augurs well for the decorative segment. The household construction industry is expected to grow at 8 per cent in the next five years. Demand will be generated through the new constructions, coming in housing and industries. The decorative segment, spurred by these trends, is expected to grow at CAGR of 30-32 per cent over the next couple of years. The automobile sector, accounts for the lion's share of industrial paints demand. The growing demand in consumer durables is expected to improve the demand in powder coatings. Overall, the industrial paints segment is expected to grow at 18-20 per cent in the coming years.
- The Indian glass industry has been growing across all segments. Sheet and Float glass have recorded the fastest growth at nearly 67 per cent CAGR.
Why Tamil Nadu?
- Chemical industry in Tamil Nadu: Tamil Nadu has 3 major Chemical clusters namely Manali in Chennai, Cuddalore and Tuticorin. Tamil Nadu has manufacturing facilities for Fertilisers, Paints, Carbon Black, Pesticides, Pharmaceuticals, Organic and Inorganic chemicals, Polymers, Caustic soda, Soda ash, etc. Saint Gobain, France has established 2 Float Glass plants in Sriperumpudur with an installed capacity of 4.0 lakh MT per annum, the largest facility in India. Besides, Asahi Glass, Japan has established a facility for making automotive glass. Harsha, UAE is currently in the process of establishing a Float Glass project with an investment of Rs.1500 Crores in Chennai Neighbourhood. Chennai is set to emerge as the largest Glass Hub in India.
- Tamil Nadu has emerged as major exporter of Basic chemicals and other chemical products. This indicates the competitiveness of Chemical industry in Tamil Nadu.
Product category Exports from Tamil Nadu in 2006-07 Exports from Tamil Nadu in 2007-08 Basic Chemicals 3499 3766 Other Chemicals and allied products 4594 4088 Total Rs. Crores 8093 7854
- Strengths of Tamil Nadu:
- A diversified manufacturing base having a capacity to produce quality chemicals.
- Vibrant downstream industries in different segments.
- Competitive core industries, essential for the development of chemical industries.
- Capability to produce world-class end products.
- Strong presence in the export market in sub-segments such as Dyes, Pharma and Agrochemicals.
- Large domestic market.
- Major raw material component sources within the country.
- Abundant availability of Quality human resources.
- Petroleum Chemicals and Petrochemicals Investment Region: Government of India announced a policy for promotion of Petroleum Chemicals and Petrochemicals Investment Regions (PCPIR) in May, 2007, with the objective of accelerating promotion of investment in the chemical / petrochemical sectors so as to make India a hub for both domestic and international markets taking advantage of global shift in demand and production for petrochemicals. The petroleum refinery project under implementation by Nagarjuna Oil Corporation, a joint venture of TIDCO, will be one of the anchor units in the proposed PCPIR. NOCL's refinery project will go on stream in 2011. A detailed proposal has been prepared by TIDCO for establishing the PCPIR along the coastal stretches in Cuddalore and Nagapattinam districts.
- Abundant availability of skilled manpower in Chemical Engineering - Largest turn-out of skilled manpower in India.
- Reliable and quality infrastructure availability.
- Excellent Sea port Logistics: Tamil Nadu has a long coast line of 1000 kms with 3 major ports and 16 minor ports. Chennai has two modern ports in Chennai & Ennore and another in Tuticorin, providing Gateway for exports and imports. Chennai container terminal is the most efficient in India. Chennai Port has two modern container terminals. All the 3 ports have POL berths. Oil companies namely CPCL and Nagarjuna have dedicated Jetties.
- Attractive Package of Incentives depending on the size of Investment and employment as per Industrial Policy 2007.
- Super-mega Policy - Government offers special incentives for projects with investments between Rs.1500 to 4000 Crores.
- Land allotment in different Industrial parks and SEZs.
- Infrastructure support in the form of power, water, connecting roads, drainage, etc.
- Single window facilitation through Guidance Bureau.