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Chennai Port Profile

http://www.chennaiport.gov.in/index.html
Chennai Port, the third oldest port among the 12 major ports, is an emerging hub port in the East Coast of India. This gateway port for all cargo has completed 126 years of glorious service to the nation's maritime trade.

Maritime trade started way back in 1639 on the seashore Chennai. It was an open road -stead and exposed sandy coast till 1815. The initial piers were built in 1861, but the storms of 1868 and 1872 made them inoperative. So an artificial harbour was built and the operations were started in 1881.The cargo operations were carried out on the northern pier, located on the northeastern side of Fort St. George in Chennai. In the first couple of years the port registered traffic of 3 lakh tonnes of cargo handling 600 ships.

Being an artificial harbour, the port was vulnerable to the cyclones, accretion of sand inside the basin due to underwater currents, which reduced the draft. Sir Francis Spring a visionary skilfully drew a long-term plan to charter the course of the port in a scientific manner, overcoming both man-made and natural challenges. The shifting of the entrance of the port from eastern side to the North Eastern side protected the port to a large extent from the natural vulnerabilities. By the end of 1920 the port was equipped with a dock consisting of four berths in the West Quays, one each in the East & South Quay along with the transit sheds, warehouses and a marshalling yard to facilitate the transfer of cargo from land to sea and vice versa. Additional berths were added with a berth at South Quay and another between WQ2 & WQ3 in the forties.

India's Independence saw the port gathering development, momentum. The topography of the Port changed in 1964 when the Jawahar dock with capacity to berth 6 vessels to handle Dry Bulk cargoes such as Coal, Iron ore, Fertilizer and non hazardous liquid cargoes was carved out on the southern side.

In tune with the international maritime developments, the port developed the Outer Harbour, named Bharathi Dock for handling Petroleum in 1972 and for mechanized handling of Iron Ore in 1974. The Iron ore terminal is equipped with Mechanized ore handling plant, one of the three such facility in the country, with a capacity of handling 8 million tonnes. The Chennai port's share of Iron ore export from India is 12%. The dedicated facility for oil led to the development of oil refinery in the hinterland. This oil terminal is capable of handling Suezmax vessels.

In 1983, the port heralded the country's first dedicated container terminal facility commissioned by the then Prime Minister Smt.Indira Gandhi on 18th December 1983. The Port privatized this terminal and is operated by Chennai Container Terminal Private Limited. Having the capability of handling fourth generation vessels, the terminal is ranked in the top 100 container ports in the world. Witnessing a phenomenal growth in container handling year after year the port is developing its Second Container Terminal with a capacity to handle 1 M TEUs to meet the demand. To cater to the latest generation of vessels and to exploit the steep increase in containerized cargo the port is planning to welcome the future with a Mega Container Terminal, capable of handling 5 Million TEUs expected to be operational from 2013.

The Chennai port is one among the major ports having Terminal Shunting Yard and running their own Railway operations inside the harbour on the East Coast. The port is having railway lines running up to 68 kms and handles 32% of the total volume of the cargo, 5343 rakes (292776 wagons) during 2007-08.

The port with three Docks, 23 berths and draft ranging from 12m to 16.5m has become a hub port for Containers, Cars and Project Cargo in the East Coast. The port has handled an all time high of 57.15 Million tonnes of cargo registering an increase of 7% over previous year. An increase of 20% in handling of cars from 137971 Units in the year 2007-08 when compared with 114756 Units in the year 2006-07 and an increase of 27% in handling of containers from 1128108 TEUs in the year 2007-08 when compared with 885422 TEUs in the year 2006-07. The long term plan for Chennai Port envisages that the Port will mainly handle 4C's i.e. Containers, Cars, Cruise and Clean Cargo.

Future Plans

  • Second Container terminal with a capacity of 1 million TEU's per annum, developed by PSA-SICAL.
  • Master plan for Port Railway, Realigning Rail and Road network.
  • Mechanized conveyor system for Coal to handle 9 MT.
  • Dedicated Elevated Expressway from Chennai Port to Maduravoyal upto NH4 has been approved by the Government to enhance the hinterland connectivity.
  • Development of Ro-Ro Terminal and a Multi level car parking facility with a capacity of 5000 cars.
  • Chennai Mega Container Terminal with a continuous quay length of 2 km with 18-22m side along draft. Capable of handling ultra large container ships carrying over 15000 TEU's.
  • The break water extension from existing outer arm will be utilized to develop deep draft oil berth for handling VLCCs.
Average Ship Berth day Output (In Tonnes)

Commodity 2006 - 2007 2007 - 2008 2008 - 2009 2009-2010
(Upto June 2009)
Liquid Bulk 17640 15907 15633 14587
Dry Bulk 11041 10959 10807 9923
Break Bulk 1773 1757 1698 2212
Overall 10165 10385 10962 11998

Vessels Handled (In Numbers)

Commodity 2006 - 2007 2007 - 2008 2008 - 2009 2009-2010
(Upto June 2009)
Liquid Bulk 422 423 441 127
Dry Bulk 463 455 441 104
Break Bulk 476 462 486 112
Containers 698 713 710 171
Total 2059 2053 2078 514

Average Turnaround Time (In Days)

Commodity 2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010(Upto June 2009)
Port Account Non Port Account Port Account Non Port Account Port Account Non Port Account Port Account Non Port Account
Liquid Bulk 1.60 1.30 1.77 2.05 1.73 1.94 1.71 1.70
Dry Bulk 3.50 2.10 3.60 4.30 3.44 3.71 3.60 2.53
Break Bulk 2.50 1.90 2.38 2.76 2.21 2.78 1.78 1.52
Overall 2.10 1.30 2.25 2.30 2.11 2.04 1.88 1.42

Average Pre Berthing Detention (In Hours)

Commodity 2006-2007 2007-2008 2008-2009 2009-2010(Upto June 2009)
Port Account Non Port Account Port Account Non Port Account Port Account Non Port Account Port Account Non Port Account
Liquid Bulk 0.90 19.50 1.02 37.53 1.01 35.77 0.93 28.76
Dry Bulk 1.00 21.20 1.37 68.29 1.34 60.98 1.43 30.11
Break Bulk 0.80 10.20 0.82 28.59 0.81 31.95 0.83 13.52
Overall 0.80 13.10 0.96 36.41 0.93 32.42 0.93 19.94
Berth Details as on 10.07.2009

Sl. No Name of Berth Capacity of Cranes Length In (Meters) Max. Permissible Draft In (Meters) - Dock Density varies between 1019-1025 Date of Survey
Jawahar Dock
1 J.D-1 10 T(J)-1 Nos 218.33 10.40 05.01.07
2 J.D-3 10 T(ABG)-3Nos 218.33 11.50 07.07.09
3 J.D-5 Under BRS Scheme 218.33 11.00 05.05.09
4 J.D-2 G1 -20T -1No 218.33 11.00 15.06.07
5 J.D-4 G2 -20T -1No 218.33 11.00 07.06.07
6 J.D-6 G3 -20T -1No 218.33 11.00 27.03.07
Ambedkar Dock
7 NQ 198.00 8.50 25.05.09
8 W.Q-1 10T-1Nos 170.60 11.00 28.05.09
9 W.Q-2 15T-1Nos 170.60 12.00 01.06.09
10 C.B 15T-1Nos 170.60 12.00 22.01.09
11 W.Q-3 10T - 1 No 170.60 12.00 03.01.09
12 W.Q-4 10T - 1 No 170.60 11.000 28.01.09
13 S.Q-1 10T(J)-2Nos 10T(ABG)-1No 50T(H)-1No 246.00 9.50 03.06.09
14 S.Q-2 10T(J)-2Nos 179.00 9.50 11.03.09
15 S.Q-3 -- -- Handed over to 2nd Container Terminal
16 E.Q (Center) -- -- Handed over to 2nd Container Terminal
17 E.Q (South) -- -- Handed over to 2nd Container Terminal
18 Naval Berth North 60.00 09.00 14.02.07
19 Naval Berth South 140.00 12.00 14.02.07
Bharathi Dock
20 B.D-1 Loading Arm - 5 Nos 338.94 14.60 07.05.09
21 B.D-3 Loading Arm - 5 Nos 304.00 16.50 23.12.09
22 B.D-2 Ship Loader - 2 Nos 274.32 16.50 15.04.09
Container Terminal
23 C.T-1 RMQC-6 Nos

RTG-14 Nos

RTG-2Nos(ABG)
200.00 13.40 09.05.09
24 C.T-2 200.00 13.40 09.06.09
25 C.T-3 200.00 13.40 13.06.09
26 C.T-4 200.00 13.40 18.02.09
Approach Channel
Zone 1   750.00      
Zone - II to Zone - VII   5950.00      
Turning Circle   560.00      
Hydrographical Information

Tide
Time Height
Hours Minutes Meters
02 54 0.12
09 12 1.07
15 36 0.16
21 24 0.92

For Additional information:

Office of the Chairman/Dy. Chairman of Chennai Port Trust

Name & Designation Email Address Telephone Details
Office Dock Exchange
(Internal)
Residence
Number Extn
Capt. Subhash Kumar,Chairman cpt@chennaiport.gov.in 25361086,25362201 2500 3222
Capt. Subhash Kumar, Deputy Chairman dycpt@chennaiport.gov.in 25361720,25362201 2501 3246  
Shri.C.L.Dhanasekaran,P.A to Chairman   25362201 2500 3222 55879108
Shri.V.K.Mahendra BabuP.A to Dy.Chairman   25362201 2500 3246 25385846
Smt. A. PadmavathySteno to CPT   25362201 2500 3222 24842867
Shri.N.Balaji,Steno to Dy. Chairman   25362201 2501 3246 22234923

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